Symptoms and Treatment of Type 1 and 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a disorder that makes it difficult for the body to process blood sugar, often known as blood glucose. Diabetes comes in a variety of forms, each with a unique course of therapy.

Diabetes can cause blood sugar levels to rise if it is not continuously and carefully managed, which raises the chance of serious side effects like heart attack and stroke.

There are different types of Diabetes

There are numerous types of diabetes, and each has a unique management strategy. Not all types of diabetes are brought on by obesity or a sedentary lifestyle. Some have existed from childhood.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes is a long-term condition. When a person has type 1 diabetes, the insulin-producing cells in their pancreas are damaged, which prevents the body from producing insulin.

A hormone called insulin is used by your body’s cells to consume glucose (sugar) as fuel. The food you eat provides glucose to your body. The body’s cells can absorb glucose from the blood thanks to insulin.

Your liver and muscle tissues store the excess glucose as glycogen once the cells have enough. When you require energy in between meals, when exercising, or while sleeping, it is converted to blood sugar and released.

Because of a shortage of insulin, type 1 diabetes prevents your body from processing glucose.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Dramatic weight loss in a short period of time.

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment

When type 1 diabetes is diagnosed, your body is unable to produce insulin on its own. To aid your body in utilizing the blood sugar, you must take insulin.

Other treatments might potentially be effective in reducing type 1 diabetic symptoms.


Diabetes type 1 patients are need to take insulin daily. In most cases, an injection is used to provide insulin.

There are several insulin types. To determine which one suits you the best, your doctor might well have you try a few.

Type 2 Diabetes

People with type 2 diabetes cannot efficiently produce or use insulin. This is the most prevalent type of diabetes, and it has a close relationship with obesity, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

Insulin therapy may or may not be necessary for someone with type 2 diabetes. Medication, along with dietary and exercise adjustments, can frequently help control the disease.

Anyone can get type 2 diabetes, including adults and children. The following are the most typical risk factors for type 2 diabetes:

  • Age 45 or older
  • Overweight
  • Family history

Gestational Diabetes

During pregnancy, a person’s sensitivity to insulin decreases, which results in gestational diabetes. In between 2 and 10 percent of births each year, gestational diabetes occurs, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). A higher likelihood of the illness developing in people who are overweight before getting pregnant exists.

About 50% of those who have gestational diabetes will go on to acquire type 2 diabetes, according to the CDC.

The disease can be managed by persons while pregnant. A few of these include:

  • Keeping fit observing the fetus’s growth and development, and changing their nutrition.
  • Checking the blood sugar levels.

High blood pressure during pregnancy is more likely to occur in those with gestational diabetes. This may also lead to:

  • Premature birth causes higher birth weight and blood sugar problems in the newborn, which usually go away in a few days.
  • The baby is more likely to grow up with type 2 diabetes.


When a person’s blood sugar levels are increased but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes, it is referred to as prediabetes, or borderline diabetes.

To be diagnosed with prediabetes, a person must satisfy the following trusted source requirements:

Glucose tolerance levels of 140–199 mg/dl, an A1C test result of 5.7–6.4%, and fasting blood sugar levels of 100–125 mg/dl are all acceptable.

Despite not typically exhibiting the signs of complete diabetes, those with prediabetes have an increased chance of acquiring type 2 diabetes.

What do you think?

Written by NMAdmin

John Frederick is a Medical Laboratory scientist, also has a Diploma in Business Management at Benue State University Makurdi.

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