The Types and Causes of Acne Infections

The most common areas of the body where acne appears on the skin are the face, forehead, chest, shoulders, and upper back. Genetics, fluctuating hormone levels, stress, high humidity, and the use of greasy or oily personal care products are a few of the factors. Teenagers are frequently affected by acne, but it can affect anyone.

Acne is a common skin problem in which hair, sebum (an oily fluid), germs, and dead skin cells clog the pores of your skin. Blackheads, whiteheads, nodules, and various types of pimples are caused by these obstructions. Know that you are not alone if you have acne. The majority of people encounter this skin issue. According to estimates, 80 percent of persons between the ages of 11 and 30 will experience acne of some kind at some point in their life.

What are the types of Acne (Pimples)

1. Blackheads

Acne has a type known as blackheads (acne vulgaris). They are open skin pimples that collect extra oil and dead skin. The black spots appear to be dirt in the bump, but they are actually caused by an uneven light reflection from the congested follicle.

Pimples are not blackheads. Small, uncomfortable, discolored lumps called pimples have a thick, white-yellow fluid (pus) near the tip.

Blackheads are quite typical. According to some study, nearly everyone experiences blackheads at some point in their lives. Blackheads are more prevalent in adolescents, but up to 10% to 20% of adults also have them.

Symptoms of Blackheads

A less severe form of acne is blackheads. Blackheads primarily appear as dark, open lumps on your skin. Like whiteheads, they don’t hurt or make you uncomfortable.

Causes Blackheads

Your body is covered in sebaceous glands, and the majority of them have connections to hair follicles. Comedones are blackheads and whiteheads (singular comedo). Whiteheads are closed comedones, whereas blackheads are open comedones. Inflamed sebaceous glands and hair follicles produce comedones.

2. Whiteheads

The most common areas of the body affected by whiteheads are the face, neck, back, and chest. Numerous factors can contribute, such as irritated hair follicles and excessive skin oil. Whiteheads can affect anyone at any age, although they frequently affect teenagers.

Whiteheads are a type of acne (acne vulgaris). The skin develops a closed bump when oil and dead skin combine to block hair follicles or sebaceous glands (oil glands) (comedo, plural comedones).

Causes Whiteheads

Your body is covered in sebaceous glands, and the majority of them have connections to hair follicles. An irritated sebaceous gland or hair follicle results in whiteheads.

The difference between Whiteheads and Blackheads

Whiteheads and blackheads are both comedones. Open lumps on the skin are known as blackheads. Although it appears like there is dirt inside the bump, the dark areas are actually caused by an uneven light reflection from the congested follicle. Closed lumps on the skin are known as whiteheads. They appear white or golden.

3. Papules

Tiny pimples that are red or pink and swell up.
Pustules are pus-filled pimples. They have the appearance of red rings encircling whiteheads. If they are picked or scratched, they may leave scars.

Pityrosporum folliculitis, often known as fungal acne, is brought on by an overgrowth of yeast in the hair follicles. They could become swollen and itching.

4. Nodules

A severe form of acne is nodular acne. Deep beneath your skin, hard knots or lumps (nodules) start to form as a result. The nodules start below the skin’s surface and manifest as red pimples on the skin. The core of these lumps typically lacks a whitehead or blackhead.

Weeks or even months may pass between nodules. They hurt a great deal. These nodules become entrapped with a bacteria called Cutibacterium acnes (C. acnes) that causes infection and inflammation.

Causes Nodular Acne

Similar to other types of pimples, this severe form of acne appears gradually. It happens when the pores on your skin become clogged with sebum, hair, and dead skin cells (an oil your body makes to keep skin moist). The C. acnes bacteria, which naturally reside on the skin, become trapped inside. Infection, inflammation, and discomfort are brought on by this.

5. Cysts

Acne that is pus-filled. These might leave scars.Acne cysts (pimples) filled with pus appear deep beneath the skin on those with cystic acne. The cysts from acne can be huge and painful. To lessen the chance of infection and scarring, a dermatologist should treat cystic acne. Your skin can clear up with the aid of prescription topical (skin) treatments and antibiotics.

Causes Cystic Acne

Skin pores can become clogged with too much oil and dead skin cells, leading to pimples. In addition to oil and skin cells, bacteria can also get caught in the skin pores. the middle layer of the skin becomes swollen as a result of the skin reaction (the dermis). A cyst from acne is this inflamed, red, swollen lump.

What do you think?

Written by NMAdmin

John Frederick is a Medical Laboratory scientist, also has a Diploma in Business Management at Benue State University Makurdi.

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